Pronounced Loo-naz – August Eve – August 1st. Also known as Cornucopia (Stega tradition) Thingtide (Teutonic tradition), Lammas and Lammastide (old Christian). Witches’ calendar beginning of Autumn, first of the three harvest festivals. Lammas was the Christian name given the holy day. The term literally means ‘loaf mass’ for a feast of bread to celebrate the wheat harvest.
The grain god was molded into an edible figure and passed around. Everyone broke off a piece and ate it thereby becoming one with the deity in symbol. This is clearly the predecessor to the Christian rite of communion. In Ireland this holy day was traditionally a festival of the dead, a mourning ritual.
Wheat may have been regarded with awe as it was what made civilization (loosely defined) possible in Western Europe. This festival was called Lammastide in medieval times and was observed with craft fairs, parades, dances, ceremonial plays and the usual warm weather revels. Baking bread is a tradition as is the making of a corn dolly to guard your home for the coming season. This is the celebration of the first fruits of the harvest. The Sun King gives his energy to the crops to ensure life. Now is the time to teach the young what you have learned so that the fruits of your accomplishments may endure. Altars are common decorated with Baked Breads, Grains, Fruits and Vegetables.
[From the 2011 Season of the Witch Datebook.]